Nishan is the birthplace of Confucius, the ancient Chinese thinker and educator. Located 25 kilometers southeast of Qufu, Shandong Province, Nishan is at the junction of Qufu, Zoucheng and Sishui counties with 340 meters above the sea level. It was originally named mountain Niqiu and consists of five small mountains only with the mountain in the middle called Niqiu. According to the "Historical Records", Confucius’s parents prayed on mountain Niqiu for a son. So Qiu became Confucius’ given name, also known as Zhongni. The later generations renamed the mountain to Nishan to avoid offence to Confucius.
Nishan mountain enjoys a picturesque scenery and rich cultural atmosphere, with natural and cultural heritage scattered around. It is known as the “Holy Land” in China. At the east of Nishan sits the Confucius Temple and Nishan Academy which are under the state protection. The pavilion, carved beams and cypress trees can be dated back to some 1000 years ago. The cave where Confucius was born, the pavilion where Confucius lamented " Time goes on and on like the flowing water in the river ", the gully, the well where Confucius mother fetched water, the brook of wisdom, Baiyun peak and Changping mountain are all attractions. Nishan mountain is famous for eight historical sites: Wulao peak, Luyuan forest, brook of wisdom, Kunling cave, Guanchuan pavilion, Zhonghe gully, Wende forest and Baiyun cave, and the Nishan reservoir with rippling blue waves, which offers an enchanting experience. Most sagas in Nishan are related to Confucius, including “Nishan Prayers”, "Kirin Jade Book", "Two Dragons and Five Old Men", "Music from Heaven", etc. These can be found in classics and historical books, notes, stone carvings of the Han dynasty, inscriptions on the tombstone, opera literature and folk stories. With significant cultural aesthetic values, they are collections of history and culture.
Nishan mountain is known for the Confucius. It is believed that Nishan will send immortal voices of multi-civilizations from the world and make great contributions to progress the cultural improvement and harmony of mankind in the coming years.